Literature

Please find below a list of references concerning Z'. These are categorised as follows:

  • General

  • Pseudosymmetry in Trinitropyrazole: The Cost of Error in Space-Group Determination
    Y. V. Nelyubina, I. L. Dalinger & K. A. Lyssenko, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2011, 50, 2892-2894
  • A list of organic kryptoracemates
    L. Fabian & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2010, 66, 94-103
  • Why do crystal structures waste molecular inversion symmetry?
    A. D. Bond, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 2492-2500
  • Multiple Molecules in the Asymmetric Unit (Z ' > 1) and the Formation of False Conglomerate Crystal Structures
    R. Bishop & M. L. Scudder, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2009, 9, 2890-2894
  • Supramolecular synthon frustration leads to crystal structures with Z' >1
    K. M. Anderson, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2008, 8, 2517-2524
  • Structure matching: measures of similarity and pseudosymmetry
    A. Collins, R. I. Cooper & D. J. Watkin, J. Appl. Cryst., 2006, 39, 842-849
  • Solid-state self-inclusion: The missing link
    G. O. Lloyd, J. Alen, M. W. Bredenkamp, E. J. C. de Vries, C. Esterhuysen & L. J. Barbour, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 5354-5358
  • Building co-crystals with molecular sense and supramolecular sensibility
    C. B. Aakeröy & D. J. Salmon, CrystEngComm, 2005, 7, 439-448
  • Multiple molecules in the crystallographic asymmetric unit. Self host-guest and doubly interpenetrated hydrogen bond networks in a pair of keto-bisphenols
    S. Aitipamula, G. R. Desiraju, M. Jaskolski, A. Nangia & R. Thaimattam, CrystEngComm, 2003, 5, 447-450
  • P1 or P-1 or something else?
    R. E. Marsh, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1999, 55, 931-936
  • Towards a Grammar of Crystal Packing
    C. P. Brock & J. D. Dunitz, Chem. Mater., 1994, 6, 1118 - 1127
  • Conformational similarities between crystallographically independent molecules in organic crystals
    V. Sona & N. Gautham, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1992, 48, 111-113
  • A conformational comparison of crystallographically independent molecules in organic crystals with achiral space groups
    N. Gautham, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1992, 48, 337-338
  • On the Validity of Wallach Rule - on the Density and Stability of Racemic Crystals Compared with Their Chiral Counterparts
    C. P. Brock, W. B. Schweizer & J. D. Dunitz, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 9811-9820
  • Structural classes and subclasses of molecular crystals
    P. M. Zorkii, V. K. Bel'skii, S. G. Lazareva & M. A. Porai-Koshits, J. Struct. Chem., 1967, 8, 267-270

  • Reviews

  • High-Z' structures of organic molecules
    C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B., 2016, 72, 807
  • Packing Problems: High Z' Crystal Structures and Their Relationship to Cocrystals, Inclusion Compounds, and Polymorphism
    K. M. Steed and J. W. Steed, Chem. Rev., 2015, 115, 2895
  • Polymorphism: A Perspective
    J. Bernstein, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2011, 11, 632-650
  • Polymorphic perversity: Crystal structures with many symmetry-independent molecules in the unit cell
    J. Bernstein, J. D. Dunitz & A. Gavezzotti, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2008, 8, 2011-2018
  • On the presence of multiple molecules in the crystal asymmetric unit (Z' >1)
    G. R. Desiraju, CrystEngComm, 2007, 9, 91-92
  • Comment on "On the presence of multiple molecules in the crystal asymmetric unit (Z > 1)" by Gautam R. Desiraju, CrystEngComm, 2007, 9, 91
    K. M. Anderson & J. W. Steed, CrystEngComm, 2007, 9, 328-330
  • Should solid-state molecular packing have to obey the rules of crystallographic symmetry?
    J. W. Steed, CrystEngComm, 2003, 5, 169-179

  • Specific Compounds/Groups of Compounds

  • Fenamic acid crystal with two asymmetric units (Z'=2) - why Z'=2 rather than Z'=1
    F. Yang, C. X. Yan, X. Yang, D. G. Zhou and P. P. Zhou, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 1762
  • High surface area and Z ' in a thermally stable 8-fold polycatenated hydrogen-bonded framework
    C. A. Zentner, H. W. H. Lai, J. T. Greenfield, R. A. Wiscons, M. Zeller, C. F. Campana, O. Talu, S. A. Fitzgerald and J. L. C. Rowsell, Chem. Commun., 2015, 51, 11642
  • Steroidal Wheel-and-Axle Host Type Molecules - Insights from Awkward Shape, Conformation, Z ' > 1 and Packing
    P. I. Ramirez-Montes, M. E. Ochoa, R. Santillan, D. J. Ramirez and N. Farfan, Cryst. Growth Des., 2014, 14, 4681
  • Unusual Chemical Ratio, Z? Values, and Polymorphism in Three New N-Methyl Aminopyridine–4-Nitrophenol Adducts
    S. Draguta, A. A. Yakovenko, M. S. Fonari & T. V. Timofeeva, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2014, 14, 3423-3433
  • When two symmetrically independent molecules must be different: "Crystallization-induced diastereomerization" of chiral pinanyl sulfone
    O. A. Lodochnikova, V. A. Startseva, L. E. Nikitina, A. V. Bodrov, A. E. Klimovitskii, E. N. Klimovitskii & I. A. Litvinov, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 4314-4321
  • Crystal Landscape of Primary Aromatic Thioamides
    K. S. Eccles, R. E. Morrison, A. R. Maguire & S. E. Lawrence, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2014, 14, 2753-2762
  • A Z?=6 crystal structure of (E)-N,N?-dicyclohexylacetamidine
    M. Krasnopolski, R. W. Seidel, R. Goddard, J. Breidung, M. V. Winter, A. Devi & R. A. Fischer, J. Mol. Struct., 2013, 1031, 239-245
  • A Spectroscopic and Diffractometric Study of Polymorphism in Ethyl 3-{3- ((2R)-3-{ 2-(2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-1,1-dimethylethyl amino}-2 -hydroxypropyl)oxy -4,5-difluorophenyl}propanoate Hydrochloride
    F. G. Vogt, G. R. Williams, M. N. Johnson & R. C. B. Copley, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2013, 13, 5353-5367
  • Argentivorous molecules with two kinds of aromatic side-arms: intramolecular competition between side-arms
    Y. Habata, Y. Oyama, M. Ikeda & S. Kuwahara, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 8212-8217
  • Solvothermal Synthesis and Crystal Structures of Two Manganese Complexes [Mn(II)(acac?)2(4,4?-bipy)]n (bipy=4,4?-bipyridine) and [Mn(III)(acac?)3]·4CO(NH2)2
    Y. Cheng, S. Xia, J. Feng, S. Du, L. An & X. Lu, Chin. J. Chem., 2012, 30, 1063-1068
  • Adventures in co-crystal land: high Z', stoichiometric variations, polymorphism and phase transitions in the co-crystals of four liquid and solid cyclic carboxylic acids with the supramolecular reagent isonicotinamide
    A. Lemmerer & M. A. Fernandes, New J. Chem., 2012, 36, 2242-2252
  • Crystal Structures of Pyrogallol, Its Hydrate, and Stable Multiple Z ' Cocrystals with N-Heterocycles Containing Metastable Conformers of Pyrogallol
    R. Thakuria, S. Cherukuvada & A. Nangia, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2012, 12, 3944-3953
  • A Rare Case of Polymorphism in a Three-Component Co-Crystal System, with Each Polymorph Having Ten Independent Molecules in the Asymmetric Unit
    Y. Yan, C. E. Hughes, B. M. Kariuki & K. D. M. Harris, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2012, 13, 27-30
  • Single-crystal investigation of l-tryptophan with Z' = 16
    C. H. Gorbitz, K. W. Tornroos & G. M. Day, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2012, 68, 549-557
  • Interweaving isomerism and isomerization of molecular chains
    J.-P. Zhang, X.-L. Qi, C.-T. He, Y. Wang & X.-M. Chen, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 4156-4158
  • Trimethyltin Hydroxide: A Crystallographic and High Z' Curiosity
    K. M. Anderson, S. E. Tallentire, M. R. Probert, A. E. Goeta, B. G. Mendis & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2011, 11, 820-826
  • Detailed study of the phase transition in Ni(H2O)(6) (NO3)(2).(15-crown-5).H2O and analysis in terms of mean-field theory
    M. A. Siegler, S. Parkin, R. J. Angel & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2011, 67, 130-143
  • High-Z' and twinning behavior in 3,4-dinitrobenzoic acid
    M. Zeller, J. L. Stouffer, V. C. Solomon & L. S. Curtin, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C: Cryst. Struct. Commun., 2011, 67, o397-o404
  • Crystal-structure prediction of pyridine with four independent molecules
    J. van de Streek & M. A. Neumann, CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 7135-7142
  • OHphenolOHalcohol hydrogen-bonding as the preferred hydrogen-bonded interaction in the crystal structures of three isomers of methylolphenol: analysis of hydrogen-bonding interactions in phenol and alcohol containing molecules
    A. Lemmerer & C. Esterhuysen, CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 5773-5782
  • One of the most complex "small molecule structures" ever reported: 16 independent molecules in the asymmetric unit for an ortho-palladated primary amine
    B. Braun, I. Kalf & U. Englert, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 3846-3848
  • Structures of alkyl-substituted Troger's base derivatives illustrate the importance of Z ' for packing in the absence of strong crystal synthons
    C. M. L. Vande Velde, B. Tylleman, M. Zeller & S. Sergeyev, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2010, 66, 472-481
  • More examples of the 15-crown-5 ... H2O-M-OH2 ... 15-crown-5 motif, M = Al3+, Cr3+ and Pd2+
    M. A. Siegler, J. H. Prewitt, S. P. Kelley, S. Parkin, J. P. Selegue & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2010, 66, 213-221
  • Gold(I)-Catalyzed Enantioselective Ring Expansion of Allenylcyclopropanols
    F. Kleinbeck & F. D. Toste, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 9178-9179
  • Crystal structure determination of the elusive paracetamol Form III
    M.-A. Perrin, M. A. Neumann, H. Elmaleh & L. Zaske, Chem. Commun., 2009, , 3181-3183
  • Enantiotropically-Related Polymorphs of {4-(4-Chloro-3-Fluorophenyl)-2- 4-(Methyloxy)Phenyl -1, 3-Thiazol-5-yl} Acetic Acid: Crystal Structures and Multinuclear Solid-State NMR
    F. G. Vogt, L. M. Katrincic, S. T. Long, R. L. Mueller, R. A. Carlton, Y. T. Sun, M. N. Johnson, R. C. B. Copley & M. E. Light, J. Pharm. Sci, 2008, 97, 4756-4782
  • The Crystal Structure of Anhydrous ?-Caffeine as Determined from X-ray Powder-Diffraction Data
    C. W. Lehmann & F. Stowasser, Chem.-Eur. J., 2007, 13, 2908-2911
  • Polymorphs of Picryl Bromide
    D. A. Parrish, J. R. Deschamps, R. D. Gilardi & R. J. Butcher, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2007, 8, 57-62
  • Crystal Packing in Equilibrating Systems: A Single Crystal Containing Three Isomers of ‘CuCl(1-pyridin-2-yl-3-p-tolyl-thiourea)2’
    J. T. Lenthall, K. M. Anderson, S. J. Smith & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth Des., 2007, 7, 1858–1862
  • The Structure of Two Anhydrous Polymorphs of Caffeine from Single-Crystal Diffraction and Ultrahigh-Field Solid-State 13C NMR Spectroscopy
    G. D. Enright, V. V. Terskikh, D. H. Brouwer & J. A. Ripmeester, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2007, 7, 1406-1410
  • Enforcing Ostwald's rule of stages: Isolation of paracetamol forms III and II
    J. C. Burley, M. J. Duer, R. S. Stein & R. M. Vrcelj, Eur. J. Pharm. Sci, 2007, 31, 271-276
  • Synthon evolution and unit cell evolution during crystallisation. A study of symmetry-independent molecules (Z ' > 1) in crystals of some hydroxy compounds
    D. Das, R. Banerjee, R. Mondal, J. A. K. Howard, R. Boese & G. R. Desiraju, Chem. Commun., 2006, , 555-557
  • Conformational, concomitant polymorphs of 4,4-diphenyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone: Conformation and lattice energy compensation in the kinetic and thermodynamic forms
    S. Roy, R. Banerjee, A. Nangia & G. J. Kruger, Chem.-Eur. J., 2006, 12, 3777-3788
  • Helical or Polar Guest-Dependent Z' = 1.5 or Z' = 2 Forms of a Sterically Hindered Bis(urea) Clathrate
    A. M. Todd, K. M. Anderson, P. Byrne, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth Des., 2006, 6, 1750-1752
  • Synchrotron and neutron diffraction study of 4-methylpyridine-N-oxide at low temperature
    F. Damay, A. Carretero-Genevrier, A. Cousson, W. Van Beek, J. Rodriguez-Carvajal & F. Fillaux, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2006, 62, 627-633
  • Multiple Z' in carboxylic acid-pyridine trimer synthon and Kagome lattice in the structure of 5-methylpyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid
    N. J. Babu & A. Nangia, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2006, 6, 1995-1999
  • The importance of weak C-H...O bonds and pi...pi stacking interactions in the formation of organic 1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene complexes with Z '>1
    G. S. Nichol & W. Clegg, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2006, 6, 451-460
  • Crystal Engineering with Ethynylbenzenes 2: Structures of 4-Ethynyl-N,N-dimethylaniline with Z’ = 12, and 4-Trimethylsilyethynyl-N,N-dimethylaniline
    A. S. Batsanov, J. C. Collings, R. M. Ward, A. E. Goeta, L. Porrès, A. Beeby, J. A. K. Howard, J. W. Steed & T. B. Marder, CrystEngComm, 2006, 8, 622-628
  • Polymorphs of 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) cyclohexane and multiple Z ' crystal structures by melt and sublimation crystallization
    B. Sarma, S. Roy & A. Nangia, Chem. Commun., 2006, , 4918-4920
  • Structure determination of forms I and II of phenobarbital from X-ray powder diffraction
    C. Platteau, J. Lefebvre, S. Hemon, C. Baehtz, F. Danede & D. Prevost, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2005, 61, 80-88
  • Structural Studies of the System Na(saccharinate)?n?H2O: A Model for Crystallization
    R. Banerjee, P. M. Bhatt, M. T. Kirchner & G. R. Desiraju, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2005, 44, 2515-2520
  • Solid-State Structure and Temperature/Evacuation-Induced Dehydration of Sodium Saccharinate 1.875 Hydrate
    P. Naumov, G. Jovanovski, O. Grup?e, B. Kaitner, A. D. Rae & S. W. Ng, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2005, 44, 1251-1254
  • Crystal engineering based on preferred mirror image recognition in square planar Pd(ii) complexes
    B. Calmuschi & U. Englert, CrystEngComm, 2005, 7, 171-176
  • Cultivating crystal forms
    J. Bernstein, Chem. Commun., 2005, , 5007-5012
  • A helical structure with Z '=10
    X. Hao, J. Chen, A. Cammers, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2005, 61, 218-226
  • Packing conflicts in the Z' = 5 structure of CF3(CF2)3(CH2)10COOH
    H.-J. Lehmler, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2004, 60, 325-332
  • Polymorphism in butylated hydroxy anisole (BHA)
    J. A. McMahon, M. J. Zaworotko & J. F. Remenar, Chem. Commun., 2004, , 278-279
  • Tris(tert-butoxy)siloxy Derivatives of Boron, Including the Boronous Acid HOB[OSi(OtBu)3]2 and the Metal (Siloxy)boryloxide Complex Cp2Zr(Me)OB[OSi(OtBu)3]2:? A Remarkable Crystal Structure with 18 Independent Molecules in Its Asymmetric Unit
    K. L. Fujdala, A. G. Oliver, F. J. Hollander & T. D. Tilley, Inorg. Chem., 2003, 42, 1140-1150
  • The role of molecular association in the formation of crystals with Z?>1 of some hydroxy-containing compounds
    L. N. Kuleshova, M. Y. Antipin & I. V. Komkov, J. Mol. Struct., 2003, 647, 41-51
  • Comparison of the four anhydrous polymorphs of carbamazepine and the crystal structure of form I
    A. L. Grzesiak, M. D. Lang, K. Kim & A. J. Matzger, J. Pharm. Sci, 2003, 92, 2260-2271
  • Z '= 4 structure without obvious pseudosymmetry: implications for the formation of solid-state compounds
    H. J. Lehmler, L. W. Robertson, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2002, 58, 140-147
  • Structure and pseudosymmetry of cholesterol at 310 K
    L. Y. Hsu, J. W. Kampf & C. E. Nordman, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2002, 58, 260-264
  • Two phases of C9H12O4: why is the structure at 295 K so complicated?
    L. L. Duncan, B. O. Patrick & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2002, 58, 502-511
  • 4,4-diphenyl-2,5-cyclohexadienone: Four polymorphs and nineteen crystallographically independent molecular conformations
    V. S. S. Kumar, A. Addlagatta, A. Nangia, W. T. Robinson, C. K. Broder, R. Mondal, I. R. Evans, J. A. K. Howard & F. H. Allen, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2002, 41, 3848-3851
  • A study of the known and hypothetical crystal structures of pyridine: why are there four molecules in the asymmetric unit cell?
    A. T. Anghel, G. M. Day & S. L. Price, CrystEngComm, 2002, , 348-355
  • Weak Interactions Induce Asymmetry in the Crystal Structures of Triaryl Derivatives of Group 14 Elements
    P. D. Prince, G. S. McGrady & J. W. Steed, New J. Chem., 2002, 26, 457-461
  • Competing supramolecular interactions give a new twist to terpyridyl chemistry; anion and solvent induced formation of spiral arrays in silver(I) complexes of a simple terpyridine
    M. J. Hannon, C. L. Painting, E. A. Plummer, L. J. Childs & N. W. Alcock, Chem. Eur. J., 2002, 8, 2225-2238
  • Supramolecular organization of C-60 into linear columns of five-fold, Z-shaped strands
    J. L. Atwood, L. J. Barbour & C. L. Raston, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2002, 2, 3/6/2014
  • Why do polymorphs form? A single crystal phase transformation from weak dipolar interactions to a sixfold phenyl embrace
    G. S. McGrady, M. Odlyha, P. D. Prince & J. W. Steed, CrystEngComm, 2002, 4, 271-276
  • Enantioselective Hydrogenations of Arylalkenes Mediated by [Ir(cod)(JM-Phos)]+ Complexes
    D.-R. Hou, J. Reibenspies, T. J. Colacot & K. Burgess, Chem.-Eur. J., 2001, 7, 5391-5400
  • 15 crown-5: An unsymmetrical bifacial hydrogen-bond acceptor in crystal engineering
    J. W. Steed, E. Sakellariou, P. C. Junk & M. K. Smith, Chem.-Eur. J., 2001, 7, 1240-1247
  • Remarkable low symmetry hydrogen bonding network in the structure of ReCl2(NCMe)(NO)PMe3)2
    H. Jacobsen, H. W. Schmalle, A. Messmer & H. Berke, Inorg. Chim. Acta., 2000, 306, 153-159
  • Crystal Polymorphism as a Probe for Molecular Self-Assembly during Nucleation from Solutions:? The Case of 2,6-Dihydroxybenzoic Acid
    R. J. Davey, N. Blagden, S. Righini, H. Alison, M. J. Quayle & S. Fuller, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2000, 1, 59-65
  • N,N-dimethyl-selenobenzamide: two solid phases and low-temperature phase change
    G.-M. Li, J. H. Reibenspies, A. Derecskei-Kovacs & R. A. Zingaro, Polyhedron, 1999, 18, 3391-3399
  • Nucleophilic additions of phenylsulfonyl-substituted tricarbonyl(1,3-cyclohexadiene)iron complexes
    S.-S. P. Chou & S.-H. Liu, J. Organomet. Chem., 1998, 555, 227-236
  • Solid-state characterization of chlordiazepoxide polymorphs
    D. Singh, P. V. Marshall, L. Shields & P. York, J. Pharm. Sci, 1998, 87, 655-662
  • Novel ent-vibsane- and dolabellane-type diterpenoids from the liverwort Odontoschisma denudatum
    T. Hashimoto, M. Toyota, H. Koyama, A. Kikkawa, M. Yoshida, M. Tanaka, S. Takaoka & Y. Asakawa, Tet. Lett., 1998, 39, 579-582
  • New insights into the formation of extended supramolecular architectures from simple building blocks
    H. Hassaballa, J. W. Steed & P. C. Junk, Chem. Commun., 1998, , 577-578
  • (4S,7R)-7,8,8-Trimethyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-4,7-methano-1H(2H)-indazole (campho[2,3-c]pyrazole): comparison between the X-ray structure and carbon-13 NMR data in the solid state
    A. L. Llamas-Saiz, C. Foces-Foces, I. Sobrados, J. Elguero & W. Meutermans, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C: Cryst. Struct. Commun., 1993, 49, 724-729
  • PROTOTYPAL 1,2,3,5-DITHIADIAZOLYL AND 1,2,3,5-DISELENADIAZOLYL HCN2E2 .(E = S, SE) - MOLECULAR AND ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURES OF THE RADICALS AND THEIR DIMERS, BY THEORY AND EXPERIMENT
    A. W. Cordes, C. D. Bryan, W. M. Davis, R. H. Delaat, S. H. Glarum, J. D. Goddard, R. C. Haddon, R. G. Hicks, D. K. Kennepohl, R. T. Oakley, S. R. Scott & N. P. C. Westwood, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993, 115, 7232-7239
  • Pseudoinversion centers in space group P-1 and a redetermination of the crystal structure of 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid. A study of non-crystallographic symmetry
    G. R. Desiraju, J. C. Calabrese & R. L. Harlow, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1991, 47, 77-86
  • An unusual example of packing among molecular layers: the structures of two crystalline forms of 2,2-aziridinedicarboxamide, C4H7N3O2
    S. Bruckner, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1982, 38, 2405-2408
  • Pseudosymmetry in cholesterol monohydrate
    B. M. Craven, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1979, 35, 1123
  • Crystal-Structures of Trimesic Acid, Its Hydrates and Complexes .2. Trimesic Acid Monohydrate-2/9 Picric Acid and Trimesic Acid 5/6 Hydrate
    F. H. Herbstein & R. E. Marsh, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1977, 33, 2358-2367
  • The crystal structure of trimethyltin hydroxide
    N. Kasai, K. Yasuda & R. Okawara, J. Organomet. Chem., 1965, 3, 172-173
  • Twinned crystals. I. 10-Methyl-1,2-benzanthracene
    F. H. Herbstein, Acta. Crystallogr., 1964, 17, 1094-1096
  • 10-methyl-1,2-benzanthracene
    R. Mason, Acta Crystallogr., 1958, 11, 329
  • X-ray analysis of the dibenzyl series IV - Detailed structure of stilbene
    J. M. Robertson & I. Woodward, Proc. R. Soc. London, A, 1937, 162, 0568-0583

  • Database Analysis

  • Size does matter - the contribution of molecular shape and flexibility to the formation of structures which crystallise with Z' > 1 and co-crystals
    K. M. Anderson, M. R. Probert, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 83-87
  • Dominance of Charge-Assisted Hydrogen Bonding on Short Contacts and Structures that Crystallize with Z' >1
    K. M. Anderson, A. E. Goeta, J. E. Martin, S. A. Mason, G. J. McIntyre, B. C. R. Sansam, C. Wilkinson & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2011, 11, 4904-4919
  • Molecular shape and crystal packing: a database study
    W. D. S. Motherwell, CrystEngComm, 2010, , DOI: 10.1039/c0ce00044b
  • Designing Pharmaceutical Co-crystals Using Molecules which Crystallise with Z' >1
    K. M. Anderson, M. R. Probert, C. N. Whiteley, A. M. Rowland, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2009, 9, 1082-1087
  • Structure and energy in organic crystals with two molecules in the asymmetric unit: causality or chance?
    A. Gavezzotti, CrystEngComm, 2008, 10, 389-398
  • Automated derivation of structural class symbols and extended Z descriptors for molecular crystal structures in the Cambridge Structural Database
    A. D. Bond, CrystEngComm, 2008, 10, 411-415
  • Au...Au interactions: Z ' > 1 behavior and structural analysis
    K. M. Anderson, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, Inorg. Chem., 2007, 46, 6444-6451
  • Further thoughts on crystal structures with Z' > 1: analysis of single-crystal structures determined using X-ray synchrotron and neutron radiation in the Cambridge Structural Database
    G. S. Nichol & W. Clegg, CrystEngComm, 2007, 9, 959-960
  • High Z ' polymorphs have shorter C-H...O interactions and O-H...O hydrogen bonds
    N. J. Babu & A. Nangia, CrystEngComm, 2007, 9, 980-983
  • Pitfalls of data mining: triclinic polymorph of 2,2-aziridinedicarboxamide revisited
    M. Podsiadlo, K. Dziubek & A. Katrusiak, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2007, 63, 118-123
  • Distribution of molecular pairs in Z' = 2 structures
    A. Collins, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2006, 62, 897-911
  • Searching the Cambridge Structural Database for the `best' representative of each unique polymorph
    J. van de Streek, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2006, 62, 567-579
  • When Z'=2 is better than Z'=1 - supramolecular centrosymmetric hydrogen bonded dimers in chiral systems
    K. M. Anderson, K. Afarinkia, H.-W. Yu, A. E. Goeta & J. W. Steed, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2006, 6, 2109-2113
  • Unusual variations in the incidence of Z'>1 in oxo-anion structures
    K. M. Anderson, A. E. Goeta, K. S. B. Hancock & J. W. Steed, Chem. Commun., 2006, , 2138-2140
  • Searching the Cambridge Structural Database for polymorphs
    J. van de Streek & S. Motherwell, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2005, 61, 504-510
  • A database survey of molecular and crystallographic symmetry
    E. Pidcock, W. D. S. Motherwell & J. C. Cole, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2003, 59, 634-640
  • Crystal packing in vicinal diols CnHm(OH)(2)
    C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2002, 58, 1025-1031
  • Rules governing the crystal packing of mono- and dialcohols
    R. Taylor & C. F. Macrae, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2001, 57, 815-827
  • Frequency of Z' values in organic and organometallic crystal structures
    T. Steiner, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2000, 56, 673-676
  • Investigations of the systematics of crystal packing using the Cambridge Structural Database
    C. P. Brock, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol., 1996, 101, 321-325
  • Anomalous Space Group Frequencies for Monoalcohols CmHnOH
    C. P. Brock & L. L. Duncan, Chem. Mater., 1994, 6, 1307-1312
  • Statistical analysis of similarity of molecules with Z'>1
    V. Sona & W. Gautham, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 1992, 48, 111
  • Space-group frequencies of proteins and of organic compounds with more than one formula unit in the asymmetric unit
    N. Padmaja, S. Ramakumar & M. A. Viswamitra, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. A: Found. Crystallogr., 1990, 46, 730-734

  • Modulated Structures

  • C6H4S2AsCl: description and interpretation of an incommensurately modulated molecular crystal structure
    R. C. Bakus II, D. A. Atwood, S. Parkin, C. P. Brock & V. Petricek, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2013, 69, 496-508
  • [Ni(MeCN)(H2O)2(NO3)2].(15-crown-5).MeCN: detailed study of a four-phase sequence that includes an intermediate modulated phase
    M. A. Siegler, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2012, 68, 389-400
  • Ni(H2O)(6) (NO3)(2).(15-crown-5).2H(2)O: three phase transitions and an intermediate modulated phase stable over a range of ca 40 K
    M. A. Siegler, X. Hao, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2011, 67, 486-498
  • [Ni(H2O)6](NO3)2.(15-crown-5).2H2O: three phase transitions and an intermediate modulated phase stable over a range of ca 40 K
    M. A. Siegler, X. Hao, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2011, 67, 486-498
  • Five more phases of the structural family M(H(2)O)(2)(15-crown-5) (NO(3))(2)
    M. A. Siegler, X. Hao, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2008, 64, 738-749
  • The elusive Ni(H(2)O)(2)(15-crown-5) (2+) cation and related co-crystals of nickel(II) hydrates and 15-crown-5
    M. A. Siegler, S. Parkin, J. P. Selegue & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2008, 64, 725-737
  • Three modulation patterns in four related M(H2O)(2)(15-crown-5) (NO3)(2) structures
    X. Hao, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2005, 61, 675-688
  • [M(H2O)2(15-crown-5)](NO3)2:? A System Rich in Polymorphic and Modulated Phases
    X. Hao, M. A. Siegler, S. Parkin & C. P. Brock, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2005, 5, 2225-2232
  • Quininium (R)-mandelate, a structure with large Z' described as an incommensurately modulated structure in (3+1)-dimensional superspace
    A. Schonleber & G. Chapuis, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2004, 60, 108-120
  • The study of incommensurate structures as a probe to reveal atomic interactions in crystals
    G. Chapuis & A. Arakcheeva, Z. Kristallogr., 2004, 219, 730-736
  • Molecular geometry of incommensurate structures
    W. Paciorek, V. B. Gaillard, K. Schenk & G. Chapuis, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. A: Found. Crystallogr., 1996, 52, 349 - 364

  • High Pressure

  • High-Pressure Preference for the Low Z ' Polymorph of a Molecular Crystal
    K. Roszak, A. Katrusiak and A. Katrusiak, Cryst. Growth Des., 2016, 16, 3947
  • Structure of organic solids at low temperature and high pressure
    R. Lee, J. A. K. Howard, M. R. Probert & J. W. Steed, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 4300-4311
  • Low-temperature and high-pressure polymorphs of isopropyl alcohol
    J. Ridout and M. R. Probert, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 7397-7400
  • Pressure as a tool in crystal engineering: inducing a phase transition in a high-Z' structure
    R. D. L. Johnstone, M. Ieva, A. R. Lennie, H. McNab, E. Pidcock, J. E. Warren & S. Parsons, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 2520-2523
  • Realizing Predicted Crystal Structures at Extreme Conditions:? The Low-Temperature and High-Pressure Crystal Structures of 2-Chlorophenol and 4-Fluorophenol
    I. D. H. Oswald, D. R. Allan, G. M. Day, W. D. S. Motherwell & S. Parsons, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2005, 5, 1055-1071

  • Other

  • Two-dimensional crystallization: Self-assembly, pseudopolymorphism, and symmetry-independent molecules
    K. E. Plass, K. Kim & A. J. Matzger, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 9042-9053

  • Techniques

  • Two Major Pre-Nucleation Species that are Conformationally Distinct and in Equilibrium of Self-Association
    A. Mattei, X. Mei, A.-F. Miller & T. Li, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2013, 13, 3303-3307
  • New opportunities in crystal engineering - the role of atomic force microscopy in studies of molecular crystals
    E. H. H. Chow, D.-K. Bucar & W. Jones, Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 9210-9226
  • The Relationship between Solution Structure and Crystal Nucleation: A Neutron Scattering Study of Supersaturated Methanolic Solutions of Benzoic Acid
    R. C. Burton, E. S. Ferrari, R. J. Davey, J. L. Finney & D. T. Bowron, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2010, 114, 8807-8816
  • NMR Crystallography of Campho[2,3-c]pyrazole (Z? = 6): Combining High-Resolution 1H-13C Solid-State MAS NMR Spectroscopy and GIPAW Chemical-Shift Calculations
    A. L. Webber, L. Emsley, R. M. Claramunt & S. P. Brown, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2010, 114, 10435-10442
  • Crystallization of Metastable Polymorphs of Phenobarbital by Isomorphic Seeding
    N. Zencirci, T. Gelbrich, V. Kahlenberg & U. J. Griesser, Cryst. Growth Des., 2009, 9, 3444-3456
  • Relationship between Solution Structure and Phase Behavior: A Neutron Scattering Study of Concentrated Aqueous Hexamethylenetetramine Solutions
    R. C. Burton, E. S. Ferrari, R. J. Davey, J. L. Finney & D. T. Bowron, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2009, 113, 5967-5977
  • NMR studies of organic polymorphs & solvates
    R. K. Harris, Analyst, 2006, 131, 351-373
  • In Situ Monitoring of Crystallization Processes Using Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction:? The Search for Structural Precursors
    R. J. Davey, W. Liu, M. J. Quayle & G. J. T. Tiddy, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2002, 2, 269-272
  • DIELECTRIC AND C-13 NMR-STUDIES OF SULFUR-DIOXIDE HYDROQUINONE CLATHRATES
    D. W. Davidson, J. E. D. Davies, S. R. Gough, D. Leaist & J. A. Ripmeester, J. Inclusion Phenom., 1990, 8, 187-197
  • Application of solid state 13C nmr to the study of polymorphs, clathrates and complexes
    J. A. Ripmeester, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1980, 74, 536–538

  • Theory

  • Report on the sixth blind test of organic crystal structure prediction methods.
    A. M. Reilly et al, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B, 2016, 72, 439
  • Predicting crystal structures of organic compounds
    S. L. Price, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 2098-2111
  • Crystal Structure Prediction of a Flexible Molecule of Pharmaceutical Interest with Unusual Polymorphic Behavior
    J. Kendrick, G. A. Stephenson, M. A. Neumann & F. J. J. Leusen, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2013, 13, 581-589
  • Current approaches to predicting molecular organic crystal structures
    G. M. Day, Cryst. Rev., 2011, 17, 3-52
  • Towards crystal structure prediction of complex organic compounds - a report on the fifth blind test
    D. A. Bardwell, C. S. Adjiman, Y. A. Arnautova, E. Bartashevich, S. X. M. Boerrigter, D. E. Braun, A. J. Cruz-Cabeza, G. M. Day, R. G. Della Valle, G. R. Desiraju, B. P. van Eijck, J. C. Facelli, M. B. Ferraro, D. Grillo, M. Habgood, D. W. M. Hofmann, F. Hofmann, K. V. J. Jose, P. G. Karamertzanis, A. V. Kazantsev, J. Kendrick, L. N. Kuleshova, F. J. J. Leusen, A. V. Maleev, A. J. Misquitta, S. Mohamed, R. J. Needs, M. A. Neumann, D. Nikylov, A. M. Orendt, R. Pal, C. C. Pantelides, C. J. Pickard, L. S. Price, S. L. Price, H. A. Scheraga, J. van de Streek, T. S. Thakur, S. Tiwari, E. Venuti & I. K. Zhitkov, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2011, 67, 535-551
  • Predicting Inclusion Behaviour and Framework Structures in Organic Crystals
    A. J. Cruz-Cabeza, G. M. Day & W. Jones, Chem.-Eur. J., 2009, 15, 13033-13040
  • Computed Crystal Energy Landscapes for Understanding and Predicting Organic Crystal Structures and Polymorphism
    S. L. Price, Acc. Chem. Res., 2008, 42, 117-126
  • A strategy for predicting the crystal structures of flexible molecules: the polymorphism of phenobarbital
    G. M. Day, W. D. S. Motherwell & W. Jones, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2007, 9, 1693-1704
  • Spatial arrangement of molecules in homomolecular Z’ = 2 structures
    E. Pidcock, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2006, 62, 268–279
  • A versatile procedure for the identification, description and quantification of structural similarity in molecular crystals
    T. Gelbrich & M. B. Hursthouse, CrystEngComm, 2005, 7, 324-336
  • Structure predictions allowing more than one molecule in the asymmetric unit
    B. P. van Eijck & J. Kroon, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2000, 56, 535 - 542

  • Variable Temperature

  • Solid-state transformations in the [beta]-form of chlorpropamide on cooling to 100 K
    T. N. Drebushchak, V. A. Drebushchak & E. V. Boldyreva, Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Sci., 2011, 67, 163-176
  • Phase Transition from Two Z? = 1 Forms to a Z? = 2 Form of a Concomitant Conformational Polymorphic System
    S. Long, M. A. Siegler, A. Mattei & T. Li, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2011, 11, 414-421
  • A reversible solid-solid phase transition Z' = 1 to Z' = 6 in [Ni(OAc)(PNPtBu)]OTf
    M. Lutz, J. I. van der Vlugt, D. Vogt & A. L. Spek, Polyhedron, 2009, 28, 2341-2346
  • Polymorphism of a hexa-host: isolation of four different single-crystal phases by melt crystallization
    D. Das & L. J. Barbour, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130, 14032-14033
  • Stable Polymorph of Venlafaxine Hydrochloride by Solid-to-Solid Phase Transition at High Temperature
    S. Roy, P. M. Bhatt, A. Nangia & G. J. Kruger, Cryst. Growth. Des., 2007, 7, 476-480